The Beatles
Songs List | Albums List

John Lennon The Signer

Section 1

J- John Lennon.

Early
The BoyThe Boy

John Winston Lennon was born in Liverpool, England on October 9, 1940 during a blitzkrieg attack by the German Luftwaffe. His parents were Julia and Arthur "Freddie" Lennon, and the middle name of "Winston" was given to John in honor of Winston Churchill. Alfred was in the merchant marine and was largely absent from Lennon's early years, although he reappeared after the Beatles had become mega-famous. By 1944, Julia was pregnant with another man's baby, and Julia's sister Mimi threatened to call Social Services unless John was handed over to her care. John lived with his Aunt Mimi and her husband, George Smith, until his late teens. (His childhood home at Mendips on Menlove Avenue, where he lived with his Aunt Mimi, can be seen in the photograph below.) It was George Smith who gave John his first harmonica. Although John attended the Liverpool College of Art, he was drawn to music at an early age, and, by 1957, he had formed a skiffle group called the Quarrymen. The group underwent several name changes and lost original band members Pete Shotton and Eric Griffiths. With the addition of Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Stu Sutcliffe, and Pete Best, the Beatles were formed, although the band had not yet gelled. Sutcliffe died of a brain tumor in 1962, and Pete Best was later replaced by Richard Starkey, also known as Ringo Starr. The band played clubs in Hamburg as well as The Cavern in Liverpool. They were discovered by Brian Epstein, a record store manager, who succeeded in getting the Beatles an audition with George Martin, a producer at Parlaphone records. Epstein became their manager and cleaned up the group, replacing their black leather jackets with suits. The Beatles fame is legendary. After conquering Europe and charting songs such as "Please Please Me" and "She Loves You," the Beatles made their first American tour in February of 1964, appearing on The Ed Sullivan Show after the group's "I Want to Hold Your Hand" reached number one on American charts. Lennon was so nervous before Sullivan that he taped the lyrics of some songs to the back of his guitar. Beatlemania ensued as the group was chased by screaming teens wherever they performed. The Beatles filmed A Hard Day's Night and Help! in 1964 and 1965 respectively. Lennon created a mild uproar in 1966, especially in America, after declaring that the Beatles were more popular than Jesus, a remark for which he later apologized. The band stopped touring in 1966, stating that they could no longer improve musically since they couldn't hear themselves perform. Their last performance was at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Hofner Base, Norman Pogson, used with permission In 1967, they took to the studio at Abbey Road, where they recorded Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band over a period of several months, producing an album that was far different than anything they had composed thus far. The Beatles had been introduced to marijuana by Bob Dylan during the early stages of Beatlemania, but Lennon went much farther into drugs in 1966 (the other Beatles would follow), taking thousands of acid trips, beginning with LSD that was dropped into his coffee by George's dentist without John's knowledge. The rest of John's life would be affected by the use of hallucinogenics, marijuana, speed, cocaine, heroin, and alcohol. John's wife, Cynthia Lennon, has attributed the deterioration of her marriage to John's increasing use of drugs rather than his many infidelities while on tour with the band. By most accounts, John rarely saw his son Julian because of the Beatles' frenetic pace during the height of their fame. A sea change occurred in Lennon's life after he met Yoko Ono at an art exhibition at the Indica Gallery in London. The two rapidly became inseparable, and, while Cynthia was on vacation, John and Yoko recorded an album of electronic noises called "Two Virgins" after dropping acid at his home at Kenwood. Although John attempted to sue Cynthia for divorce, Cynthia herself filed suit in 1968 upon learning that Yoko was pregnant with John's child. (The pregnancy resulted in a miscarriage.) John married Yoko in March of 1969 in Gibralter, and the couple's courtship and early history are chronicled in "The Ballad of John and Yoko." Tensions grew within the Beatles after the death of Brian Epstein in 1967. Yoko began attending most recording sessions, beginning with The White Album, and Paul began to assume a role of leadership within the band, a move resented by the other three Beatles. Saville Row (public domain)(George and Ringo both temporarily left the group but returned after coaxing from the others.) The band unofficially dissolved after recording Let It Be, although they reunited to record Abbey Road, their final album. The rooftop concert that is the culmination of the Let It Be sessions took place on top of Saville Row, the home of Apple Corps, Ltd. (see photo to the left) Lennon and Ono moved to New York in 1971 to escape the bitter feelings among band members over the group's break-up and disagreements regarding business dealings within the Beatles' company, Apple Corps, Ltd. Lennon separated from Yoko for eighteen months beginning in the fall of 1973. John lived in Los Angeles during this period, engaging in drunken behavior while partying with Keith Moon, Harry Nilsson, and Ringo (among others), a group calling themselves The Hollywood Vampires. John and Yoko reconciled in January of 1975, living at the Dakota on 72nd Street and Central Park West. Sean Taro Ono Lennon was born to the Lennons on October 9, 1975, John's birthday. In 1972, the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service attempted to have Lennon deported because the Nixon administration felt that Lennon, a strong influence on young voters, was a threat to the president's re-election. The deportation battle, based on an earlier charge of drug possession, continued until 1976, when Lennon's application to remain in the United States as a permanent resident was finally approved. It was later revealed that the FBI had kept a file of several hundred pages on Lennon's political activism. His political activities during these years were many and varied, including his appearance at a rally in Ann Arbor Michigan to free John Sinclair, the leader of the White Panthers. Glasses, public domainSinclair had been imprisoned for selling two joints to undercover police. Lennon was also an outspoken critic of the Vietnam War, returning his MBE (Member of the British Empire) to the Queen in protest of Great Britain's support of America's military involvement in southeast Asia. In Lennon's last years from 1977 to 1979, John set aside his solo recording career to assume the duties of a househusband as he took care of Sean at the Dakota. In 1980, John began composing songs again after a storm-tossed trip to Bermuda aboard the schooner Megan Jayne reinvigorated his creative energies. His new songs resulted in the album Double Fantasy. The resurrection of his musical career was short-lived, however. After returning from the recording studio on December 8, 1980, John Lennon was shot and killed by a fan standing at the carriage entrance to the Dakota Building. He was pronounced dead at Roosevelt Hospital at 11:15 p.m. Lennon's body was cremated two days later. A memorial, Strawberry Fields, was later dedicated to Lennon across the street, in Central Park.

reference:
John Lennon and the mercy street cafe, lennon bio .

Section 2

The Boy
P- Paul McCartney.

Sir Paul McCartney is a key figure in contemporary culture as a singer, composer, poet, writer, artist, humanitarian, entrepreneur, and holder of more than 3 thousand copyrights. He is in the "Guinness Book of World Records" for most records sold, most #1s (shared), most covered song, "Yesterday," largest paid audience for a solo concert (350,000+ people, in 1989, in Brazil). He is considered one of the most successful entertainers of all time. He was born James Paul McCartney on June 18, 1942, in Liverpool General Hospital, where his mother, Mary, was a medical nurse and midwife. His father, Jim, was a cotton salesman and a pianist leading the Jim Mac's Jazz Band in Liverpool. Young Paul McCartney was raised non-denominational. He studied music and art, and had a happy childhood with one younger brother, Michael. At age 11, he was one of only four students who passed the 11+ exam, known as "the scholarship" in Liverpool, and gained a place at Liverpool Institute for Boys. There he studied from 1953 to 1960, earning A level in English and Art. At the age of 14, Paul McCartney was traumatized by his mother's sudden death from breast cancer. Shortly afterward, he wrote his first song. In July 1957 he met John Lennon during their performances at a local church fête (festival). McCartney impressed Lennon with his mastery of guitar and singing in a variety of styles. He soon joined Lennon's band, The Quarrymen, and eventually became founding member of The Beatles, with the addition of George Harrison and Pete Best. After a few gigs in Hamburg, Germany, the band returned to Liverpool and played regular gigs at the Cavern during 1961. In November 1961, they invited Brian Epstein to be their manager, making a written agreement in January 1962. At that time McCartney and Harrison were under 21, so the paper wasn't technically legal, albeit it did not matter to them. What mattered was their genuine trust in Epstein. He improved their image, secured them a record deal with EMI, and replaced drummer Best with Ringo Starr. With a little help from Brian Epstein and George Martin, The Beatles consolidated their talents and mutual stimulation into beautiful teamwork, launching the most successful career in the history of entertainment. The Beatles contributed to music, film, literature, art, and fashion, made a continuous impact on entertainment, popular culture and the lifestyle of several generations. Music became their ticket to ride around the world. Beatlemania never really ended since its initiation; it became a movable feast in many hearts and minds, a sweet memory of youth, when all you need is love and a little help from a friend to be happy. Their songs and images carrying powerful ideas of love, peace, help, and imagination evoked creativity and liberation that outperformed the rusty Soviet propaganda and contributed to breaking walls in the minds of millions, thus making impact on human history. All four members of The Beatles were charismatic and individually talented artists, they sparked each other from the beginning. Paul McCartney had the privilege of a better musical education, having studied classical piano and guitar in his childhood. He progressed as a lead vocalist and multi-instrumentalist, as well as a singer-songwriter. In addition to singing and songwriting, Paul McCartney played bass guitar, acoustic and electric guitars, piano and keyboards, as well as over 40 other musical instruments. McCartney wrote more popular hits for the Beatles than other members of the band. His songs Yesterday, Let It Be, Hey Jude, Blackbird, All My Loving, Eleanor Rigby, Birthday, I Saw Her Standing There, I Will, Get Back, Carry That Weight, P.S. I Love You, Things We Said Today, "Hello, Goodbye," Two of Us, Why Don't We Do It in the Road?, Helter Skelter, Honey Pie, When I'm 64, Lady Madonna, She's a Woman, Maxwell's Silver Hammer, "Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da," Mother Nature's Son, Long And Winding Road, Rocky Raccoon, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, The Fool on the Hill, You Never Give Me Your Money, Your Mother Should Know, The End, Yellow Submarine, and many others are among the Beatles' best hits. Yesterday is considered the most covered song in history with over three thousand versions of it recorded by various artists across the universe. Since he was a teenager, McCartney honored the agreement that was offered by John Lennon in 1957, about the 50/50 authorship of every song written by either one of them. However, both were teenagers, and technically, being under 21, their oral agreement had no legal power. Still, almost 200 songs by The Beatles are formally credited to both names, regardless of the fact that most of the songs were written individually. The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney was really working until the mid-60s, when they collaborated in many of their early songs. Their jamming on a piano together led to creation of their first best-selling hit 'I Want to Hold Your Hand' in 1963. In total, The Beatles created over 240 songs, they recorded many singles and albums, made several films and TV shows. Thousands of memorable pictures popularized their image. In their evolution from beginners to the leaders of entertainment, they learned from many world cultures, absorbed from various styles, and created their own. McCartney's own range of interests spanned from classical music and English folk ballads to Indian raga and other Oriental cultures, and later expanded into psychedelic experiments and classical-sounding compositions. His creative search has been covering a range of styles from jazz and rock to symphonies and choral music, and to cosmopolitan cross-cultural and cross-genre compositions. Epstein's 1967 death hurt all four members of The Beatles, as they lost their creative manager. Evolution of each member's creativity and musicianship also led to individual career ambitions, however, their legacy as The Beatles remained the main driving force in their individual careers ever since. McCartney and The Beatles made impact on human history, because their influence has been liberating for generations of nowhere men living in misery beyond the Iron Curtain. Something in their songs and images appealed to everybody who wanted to become free as a bird. Their songs carrying powerful ideas of real love, peace, help, imagination and freedom evoked creativity and contributed to breaking chains and walls in the minds of millions. The Beatles expressed themselves in beautiful and liberating words of love, happiness, freedom, and revolution, and carried those messages to people across the universe.
Their songs and images helped many freedom-loving people to come together for revolutions in Prague and Warsaw, Beijing and Bucharest, Berlin and Moscow. The Beatles has been an inspiration for those who take the long and winding road to freedom. McCartney was 28 when he started his solo career, and formed his new band, Wings. His first solo album, "McCartney," was a #1 hit and spawned the evergreen ballad "Maybe I'm Amazed", yet critical reaction was mixed. He continued to release music with Wings, that eventually became one of the most commercially successful groups of the 70s. "Band on the Run" won two Grammy Awards and remained the Wings' most lauded work. The 1977 release "Mull of Kintyre" stayed at #1 in the UK for nine weeks, and was highest selling single in the UK for seven years. In 1978 McCartney's theme "Rockestra" won him another Grammy Award. In 1979, together with Elvis Costello, he organized Concerts for the People of Kampuchea. In 1979, McCartney released his solo album "Wonderful Christmastime" which remained popular ever since. In 1980 McCartney was arrested in Tokyo, Japan, for marijuana possession, and after a ten-day stint in jail, he was released to a media firestorm. He retreated into seclusion after the arrest, and was comforted by his wife Linda. Yet he had another traumatic experience when his ex-band-mate, John Lennon, was shot dead by a crazed fan near his home in New York City on December 8, 1980. McCartney did not play any live concerts for some time because he was nervous that he would be "the next" to be murdered. After almost a year of absence from the music scene, McCartney returned in 1982 with the album "Tug of War," which was well received by public and enjoyed great critical acclaim. He continued a successful career as a solo artist, collaborated with wife Linda McCartney, and writers such as Elvis Costello. During the 80s, McCartney released such hits as 'No More Lonely Nights' and his first compilation, "All the Best." In 1989, he started his first concert tour since the John Lennon's murder. In 1994, the three surviving members of The Beatles, McCartney, Harrison, and Starr, reunited and produced Lennon's previously unknown song "Free as a Bird." It was preserved by Yoko Ono on a tape recording made by Lennon in 1977. The song was re-arranged and re-mixed by George Martin at the Abbey Road Studios with the voices of three surviving members. The Beatles Anthology TV documentary series was watched by 420 million people in 1995. During the 1990s McCartney concentrated on composing classical works for the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society, such as "The Liverpool Oratorio" involving a choir and symphony, and "A Leaf" solo-piano project, both released in 1995. That same year he was working on a new pop album, "Flaming Pie," when his wife Linda was diagnosed with breast cancer, and caring for his wife during her illness meant only sporadic public appearances during that time. The album was released in 1997 to both critical and commercial success, debuting at #2 on both the UK and US pop charts. That same year he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II as Sir Paul McCartney for his services to music. In April 1998, Linda McCartney, his beloved wife of almost 30 years, mother of their four children, and his steady partner in music, died of breast cancer. McCartney suffered from a severe depression and undergone medical treatment. He spent much of the next year away from the public eye, emerging only to campaign on behalf of his late wife for animal rights and vegetarian causes. He eventually returned to the studio, releasing an album of rock n'roll covers in 1999. "Run Devil Run" made both Entertainment Weekly and USA Today's year-end top ten lists. McCartney also slowly returned to the public spotlight with the release of his another classical album, "Working Classical" in November 1999, in recording by the London Symphony Orchestra. His 2000 release "A Garland for Linda" was a choral tribute album, which raised funds to aid cancer survivors. In 2000 he was invited by Heather Mills, a disabled ex-model, to her 32nd birthday. McCartney wrote songs dedicated to her, he and Mills developed a romantic relationship and became engaged in 2001. However, the year brought him a cascade of traumatic experiences. On September 11, 2001, Paul McCartney was sitting on a plane in New York when the World Trade Center tragedy occurred in front of his eyes, and he was able to witness the events from his seat. Yet there was another sadness, as his former band-mate George Harrison died of cancer in November, 2001. Recouperating from the stressful year, McCartney received the 2002 Academy Award-nomination for the title song to the movie Vanilla Sky (2001), and also went on his first concert tour in several years. In June, 2002, Sir Paul McCartney and Heather Mills married in a castle in Monaghan, Ireland. Their daughter, Beatrice Milly McCartney, was born in October 2003. Four years later, the high profile marriage ended in divorce, after a widely publicized litigation. "Whenever you're going through difficult times, I'm at the moment, it's really cool to be able to escape into music" says Paul McCartney. In 2003 Paul McCartney rocked the Red Square in Moscow with his show "Back in USSR" which was attended by his former opponents from the former Soviet KGB, including the Russian president Vladimir Putin himself, who invited McCartney to be the guest of honor in the Kremlin. In 2004 Paul McCartney received a birthday present from the Russian president. In June 2004, he and Heather Mills-McCartney stayed as special guests at suburban Royal Palaces of Russian Tsars in St. Petersburg, Russia. There he staged a spectacular show near the Tsar's Winter Palace in St. Petersburg where the Communist Revolution took place, just imagine. In 2005 the Entertainment magazine poll named The Beatles the most iconic entertainers of the 20th Century. In 2006, the guitar on which Paul McCartney played his first chords and impressed John Lennon, was sold at an auction for over $600,000. On June 18, 2006, Paul McCartney celebrated his 64th birthday, as in his song "when I'm Sixty-Four." McCartney's celebrity status, made it a cultural milestone for a generation of those born in the baby-boom era who grew up with the music of The Beatles during the 1960s. The prophetic message in the song has been intertwined with McCartney's personal life and his career. In 2007 McCartney left his longtime label, EMI, and signed with Los Angeles based Hear Music. He learned to play mandolin to create a refreshing feeling for his latest album "Memory Almost Full," then appeared in Apple Computer's commercial for iPod+iTunes to promote the album. In June 2007 McCartney appeared together with Ringo Starr, Yoko Ono, Olivia Harrison and Guy Laliberté in a live broadcast from the "Revolution" Lounge at the Mirage Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas. His 3-DVD set "The McCartney Years" with over 40 music videos and hours of Historic Live Performances was released in November 2007. His classical album "Ecco Cor Meum" (aka.. Behold My Heart), recorded with the Academy of St. Martin of the Fields and the boys of King's college Choir, was voted Classical Album of the Year in 2007. That same year, Paul McCartney began dating Nancy Shevell. The couple married in 2011, in London. Sir Paul's "On the Run Tour" once again took him flying across world from July through December 2011 giving sold out concerts in the USA, Canada, UK, United Arab Emirates, Italy, France, Germany, Sweden, Finland and Russia. In July 2012, Paul McCartney rocked the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. He delivered a live performance of The Beatles's timeless hit "Hey Jude" and engaged the crowd of people from all over the world to join his band in a sing along finale. The show was seen by a live audience of close to 80000 people at the Olympic Park Stadium in addition to an estimated TV audience of two billion people worldwide. On the long and winding road of his life and career, Sir Paul McCartney has been a highly respected entertainer and internationally regarded public figure.

Reference:
www.imdb.com/name/nm0005200/bio

Section 3

The Boy
G- George Harrison

Was born in a neighbourhood which, as he once recalled, looked like Coronation Street, but saw out his days in homes which would have been beyond his wildest childhood dreams. A secluded mansion in Hawaii and his Friar Park estate in Oxfordshire were testament to the distance he had travelled from his humble beginnings. A cramped two-up, two-down terraced house in Arnold Grove in Liverpool's Wavertree area was Harrison's first home. The young George lived with his bus driver father, Harold, who had been a seaman for many years, and his mother Louise, who was of Irish descent, and his two brothers, Harry and Peter, and sister, also called Louise. The living room at the front of the house was barely used and the family used to gather in the kitchen for the warmth of the stove and the fire.The Arnold Grove house had an outside toilet, at the back of the yard, like most homes at the time, and, for a short while, a hen house.There was no bathroom, just a zinc bathtub which would be filled from the kettle and pans. As he recalled in the Beatles Anthology: "My earliest recollection is of sitting on a pot at the top of the stairs having a poop - shouting 'finished'."When he was five, the family moved to a new council house at Speke after having spent many years on a waiting list.Like many other children he disliked school - in his case, Dovedale Road Infants - which he remembered smelled of boiled cabbage. Sharing a playground at the same time was John Lennon, although they were unaware of each other due to the two-year age gap. Harrison has spoken of a happy childhood, during which he would listen to the family radio and hear old dance bands and the familiar voices of Josef Locke and Bing Crosby. But his earliest musical memories were of listening to Hoagy Carmichael songs and One Meatball by Josh White.Elder brother Harry had a portable record player which he would lovingly pack away after each use - and which the rest of the family were barred from touching.But fascinated George and brother Pete would sneak it out and spin discs, listening to artists such as bandleader Glenn Miller, whenever Harry was out. The track which inspired him to take up guitar was one of the tunes his father would play on his gramophone, Waiting For A Train, by Jimmie Rodgers, the singing brakeman. It was during a spell in Alder Hey Hospital, where he was being treated for inflamed kidneys, that George decided he wanted a guitar of his own. He heard that an old Dovedale pal, Raymond Hughes, was selling his for £3 10s (£3.50). Harrison, by this point a pupil at Liverpool Institute, remembered it being a "cheapo". "I saw that it had a bolt in the back of the neck. Being inquisitive I got a screwdriver and unscrewed it and the whole neck fell off," he said. "I couldn't get it back on properly, so I put it in the cupboard in two pieces and left it there." Eventually, his brother Pete put it back together, but the neck had warped affecting the sound quality. Nevertheless he was keen to learn how to play, and Len Houghton, an old pal of his father's, offered to teach him tunes and new chords. It was through a shared musical interest that he became friendly with Paul McCartney, who would catch the same bus coming home from school. McCartney, then 14 to Harrison's 13, played the trumpet and they would often talk about their interests, later poring over chord books to learn tunes. The budding guitar hero would sit at the back of class at school, drawing guitars instead of concentrating on lessons. However, he did use woodwork classes to fashion his own hand-made specimen - although as soon as the strings were tightened the tension ripped the neck off. As a teenager, Harrison, by now a budding fan of the emerging rock and roll craze, was desperate to get hold of the latest records. Harrison was also keen to see touring American stars such as Buddy Holly and Bill Haley when they played in Liverpool, but his limited means prevented it. However he did get to see another favourite of the day, home-grown skiffle star Lonnie Donegan, as well as the American rocker Eddie Cochran, whose Twenty Flight Rock was a staple of early Beatles sets. He said of his Cochran concert: "I was watching his fingers to see how he played. He was a very good guitar player and that's what I remember most." As Harrison became more proficient he formed his own short-lived skiffle group, The Rebels, who played just one gig at the British Legion Club. The flourishing friendship between George and Paul saw them head off on a hitch-hiking odyssey to Devon with barely any cash, sleeping on the beach in Paignton. Using a meths burner to cook along the way, the pair survived partly thanks to the goodwill of the people they met on the way and head back through Wales. Paul later moved away from Speke to Allerton, close to Lennon's home on Menlove Ave, and he swapped his trumpet for the guitar. But the pair stayed in touch and after McCartney was inducted into Lennon's skiffle band the Quarry Men - after they were introduced by a mutual friend - Harrison was also asked to join up. Eventually the line-up was whittled away until it consisted of just that trio who played weddings, parties and even the Cavern, the venue where they went on to make their name. In his teens Harrison fashioned himself on the Teddy Boys - indeed it was so effective that Lennon's Aunt Mimi took an instant dislike to him. "I must have looked pretty good because Mimi didn't like me at all," he recalled in the Beatles Anthology. "She was really shocked, and said 'look at him. Why have you brought this boy round to my house? He looks dreadful, like a Teddy Boy'." Though still at school, Harrison and McCartney would try to get a bit more credibility by sneaking out, ditching their uniforms and hanging out at the nearby art college which Lennon attended. "I remember the first time I gained some respect from John was when I fancied a chick in the art college. She was cute in a Brigitte Bardot sense, blonde, with little pigtails," Harrison said. "I pulled her and snogged her. Somehow John found out and after that he was a bit more impressed with me." He pinned his hopes firmly on making it with the band. "I didn't want a job - I wanted to be in the band but it got a bit embarrassing when my father kept saying 'don't you think you'd better get a job?' he said. His father had wanted him to be an electrician and managed to get him an exam to work for Liverpool Corporation which he failed due to his poor maths. He did however manage to get taken on as apprentice electrician at the department store Blackler's. By 1960 the band, with Pete Best on the drum stool, had become The Beatles and headed to Germany for the shows at the Indra Club and Kaiserkeller which would see them hone their craft and become the greatest pop act in the world.

Reference :
dailymail.co.uk/news/article-87098/George-Harrison--The-early-years.html

Section 4

R-Ringo.
The Boy


Drummer

Ringo Starr, was born Richard Starkey on July 7, 1940 in Liverpool, England to a troubled working-class family. Ringo's father deserted his mother when he wasonly three years old (she later remarried), and as a child Ringo was often ill, suffering fromnear-fatal peritonitis as a child and pleurisy as a teenager. As a result of his frequent infirmities Ringo missed years of school, limiting his education. After leaving schoolat 15, Ringo took a variety of short-lived jobs. By mid-1957 he had become caught up in the famous skiffle craze which was sweeping Britain at the time, becoming the drummer for Rory Storm and the Hurricanes; around this time Starkey adopted his now-famous stage name, thinking that it had a cowboy-type sound to it. The Hurricanes became a popular local band, even spending some time in the traditional European hangout for British bands, Hamburg, where they often shared the bill with another Liverpool act, the Beatles. Not long after the Beatles signed to EMI in early 1962, producer George Martin expresseddispleasure with the technique of their drummer, Pete Best, and suggested he be replaced. Starr immediately came to mind and was invited to join, officially replacing Best in August 1962. This fortuitous event stirred up controversy in the Liverpool music scene --some accused the other Beatles of being jealous of Best's good looks, replacing him with the less-attractive Starr. Regardless of the true reasons behind the decision, personal or artistic, the lives of both Best and Starr were changed forever. As the Beatles grew from a popular Liverpool act to national celebrities to international superstars, Ringo integrated himself into his new band, and was quickly accepted by fans worldwide despite critical grumblings that his drumming was technically inferior. During the Beatles' June 1964 world tour, Ringo's old health problems resurfaced, and hewas hospitalized with severe tonsillitis; session drummer Jimmy Nichol filled in withthe Beatles in Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Asia and Australia, while Ringo had histonsils removed in England. The following year Ringo married longtime sweetheartMaureen Cox, with whom he later had three children, Zak (himself a professionaldrummer), Jason and Lee. The remaining Beatles years were rather uneventful for Ringo, who remained pleasant and compliant despite being permitted to sing on only a handful of songs (such as "Octopus's Garden"). As the Beatles began to fall apart in 1968, Ringo stormed out of the White Album sessions for nearly a week, angry at his bandmates' squabbling, but returned without incident. While John Lennon and Paul McCartney were plotting solo careers in 1968-70, Ringo was working on an acting career, appearing in the films Candy (1968) and The Magic Christian (1969). After the Beatles' breakup in 1970, Ringo continuedacting, starring in a string of bad, forgotten films such as 200 Motels and Son ofDracula and contributing to TV shows as a voice actor and cameo guest. He also dabbled in painting and furniture design, and formed his own record label and publishing company (which later went bankrupt). But first and foremost, Ringo remained an active musician. His first solo album, 1970's Sentimental Journey, was a collection of popular music from the '30s and '40s arranged by several noted producers; though it was completely unrelated to anything the Beatles ever performed, the strength of his association to the group made the record a Top 30 hit in the U.S. Later that year he released Beacoups of Blues, a country album recorded with top Nashville session musicians. Ringo also drummed on John Lennon's and George Harrison's solo albums - Ringo was the only Beatle to remain good friends with all of his bandmates after the breakup. In 1972 Ringo's solo career got a boost with the No. 1 single "Back Off Bugaloo."His third solo album, Ringo, was released in 1973 and marked Starr's returnto more standard pop-rock. Featuring contributions from all three ex-Beatles (though never all three together on any given track), Ringo spawned the No. 1 single "Photograph,"and was a critical and commercial success. His 1974 album, Goodnight Vienna,followed a similar pattern as Ringo, and though it was not as big of a hit, it stillsold quite well. Unfortunately, as 1974 wore on Ringo began to experience a variety of personal problems.Though he contributed some drumwork to his friend Harry Nilsson's album Pussy Cats,for much of the year Ringo immersed himself in the Los Angeles party scene with hisfriend John Lennon -- like John, Ringo was experiencing marriage problems. In 1975he divorced Maureen Cox and moved to Monaco for tax purposes, living the high life.His music began to suffer, and his next three albums, Rotogravure (1976), Ringo the Fourth (1977), and Bad Boy (1977), were complete flops.Atlantic Records, his American distributor, sold his contract to another label. Thingsgot even worse for Ringo when, in early 1979, he was hospitalized with intestinal problemsstemming from his childhood illness. After having several feet of intestine removed, Ringorecovered, only to face another bout of bad luck when, in November, his Los Angelesmansion burned to the ground. In early 1980, while working on the movie Caveman, Ringo fell in love with actress Barbara Bach, co-star of The Spy Who Loved Me. While traveling with her through England in May 1980 the couple suffered a near-fatal car crash, miraculously surviving with few injuries. Starr and Bach married the following year. Ringo's next album, 1981's Stop and Smell the Roses, featured contributions fromboth Paul McCartney and the recently-deceased John Lennon, who contributed four songsto the project. Though Lennon's death brought the Beatles back into public consciousness,Ringo's new album was strangely ignored, and Ringo was dropped by Polydor, losing hisU.S. and U.K. distribution. Not surprisingly, his 1983 album Old Wave did notsell well. Though he contributed drum tracks to several other artists' albums over the nextfew years, Ringo's own career was greatly hampered by his growing alcoholism. Tomake ends meet Ringo appeared in several children's TV programs and did commercialsfor (ironically) wine coolers. In 1987 Ringo recorded an album in Memphis, Tenn., butit was shelved; when his record company tried to release it several years later, Ringo suedto prevent it from coming out, claiming his personal problems at the time contributed toa sub-standard performance. By 1989 Ringo had sobered up, but found himself in terrible financial condition thanks to a lavish lifestyle and many poor business investments. After releasing a "greatest hits" album, Starr formed the "All Starr Band" (composed of a rotating cast of talented industrymusicians, sometimes including his own son, Zak) and embarked on his first-ever U.S. solo tour. Over the next few years Ringo and the All Starr Band toured regularly andreleased several albums. In 1995, he reunited with the three surviving Beatles to record new music for two forgotten John Lennon home demos, "Free As a Bird" and "Real Love." Thanks to these new Beatles songs, sales of the three Beatles rarities double albums, Anthology, were phenomenal; it is rumored that one reason that Paul McCartney and George Harrison agreed to the project was that their old friend Ringo sorely needed the money. With his problems largely in the past, Ringo continued to tour regularly and contributed drums to Paul McCartney's 1997 Grammy-nominated solo album Flaming Pie. In 1998 Starr released Vertical Man on Mercury Records. The album was written by Starr, musician Mark Hudson, songwriter Dean Grakal and guitartist Steve Dudas. It was recorded at Hudson's studio with an "open door" policy that accomodated appearances by Ozzy Osbourne, Brian Wilson, Steven Tyler, Scott Weiland, Alanis Morissette, Paul McCartney and George Harrison.

Reference :
beatlemania.ca/biography/
ringo starr


Ringo has been married twice. First to his long-time girlfriend Maureen Cox.

Maureen Cox

Ringo met Maureen in the Cavern club when he was still with Rory Storm and the Hurricanes. Ringo and Maureen were married at Caxton Hall in Westminster on February 11, 1965. They had three children, Zak on September 13, 1965, Jason on August 19, 1967, and Lee on November 17, 1970. Ringo and Maureen were divorced in 1975, and sadly Maureen died December 30, 1994 of Leukemia despite a bone marrow transplant from her son Zak. Ringo married Barbara Bach,

Barbara Bach

whom he met on the set of Caveman in 1983. They are still happily married today. Ringo not only had a successful musical career with the Beatles, but also on his solo efforts and with his All-Starr Band. Ringo has had many great solo hits such as "Photograph", "Back Off Boogaloo", "You're Sixteen", and "It Don't Come Easy". Ringo has worked with many famous and wonderful artists such as Elton John, Harry Nilsson, Peter Frampton, Steven Tyler, Tom Petty, and even Ozzy Osbourne.

Reference :
Ringo beatle baby01.tripod


Section 5

T-he Beatles.

The First Ed Sullivan Show,
USA 1963


The Second Ed Sullivan Show,
USA 1964


The Group.

The Beatles